What Is Git And GitHub: A Complete Guide

GitHub is a service and website that geeks love to rave about. But many people don’t understand its purpose. Do you want to understand the GitHub buzz? Continue reading to learn more.

Table of Contents

The "Git": component of GitHub

You must have a basic understanding of Git before you can understand GitHub. Linus Torvalds, the same person who invented Linux. Started Git. It is an open-source version management system. Git is similar in many ways to other version control systems. Such as Subversion and CVS.

What does Git mean? Developers create an app (for example) and make changes to the code. They release new versions as soon as the first official (non-beta) release.

Version control systems keep track of the changes made to a file. A central repository, used to store all versions of the file. Developers can collaborate by downloading the latest version and make changes. The new revision is then uploaded and available to all developers.

People who don’t have any involvement in the development of a project. May still be able to download the files and make use of them. This process should be well-known to Linux users. Using Git, Subversion or another similar method is common to download files.

It’s especially useful for those who are preparing to compile a program using source code.

Git is one of the preferred tools by most developers. Since it offers many advantages over other versions. Git stores file changes faster and maintains file integrity. The Git Basics page has detailed information on Git.

GitHub's "Hub" page

Git is a version management system that’s similar, but better than many other options. What makes GitHub so unique? Git is a command-line tool. However, the hub—GitHub.com—around which all things concerning Git revolve. This is where developers store their projects. Store network with like-minded people.

Let’s look at some of the reasons geeks love GitHub. Also, learn some terminology.

GitHub: Repository

A repository, which is also known as “repo”. It is the location where it keeps all files related to a project. Every project has its own repository. Which you can access with a unique URL.

Repo Forking

Forking is the process of creating a new project from an existing project. This amazing feature encourages other programs and projects to get developed. You can fork GitHub projects that you get interested in contributing to. You can make changes to the repository you created when you forked it.

Pull Requests

A pull request allows you to fork a repository and make changes to it. After completing the necessary changes. You can submit your forked repository back to its original developer. This gets done through a pull request. Which allows the original developer to incorporate your changes.

They can add to their project if they choose to do so. GitHub is a great place to communicate. With the maintainer of the main project whenever you issue a pull request.

Social Networking

The most important feature of GitHub is its social networking. This allows projects to grow faster than any other features. Every user on GitHub has a profile. This acts as a resume. Showing past work and contributions to other projects via Pull Requests.

Public discussions are mainly used to discuss revisions of projects. This allows a large number of experts to share their knowledge. And work together to improve a project’s progress.


It can be difficult to track changes made by multiple people working on a project. GitHub solves this problem by keeping track of all changes made to the repository.

You may believe that programmers are the only ones who will benefit from GitHub’s many benefits. Even though it is less common, you can use GitHub to manage any type of file. GitHub could be used as a version control system.

If you have a team that is constantly changing a word document. Although this practice is not common as there are better alternatives. it is something you should keep in mind.


Are you ready to learn more about GitHub? After signing up, head over to github.com to view their help pages.


Read informational blogs on our website LearnAt.

FAQs: Git and GitHub